A march on Washington Square

On May 10, 1933, 100,000 New Yorkers marched from Madison Square Park to Battery Park to protest Nazi policies and denounce anti-Semitism. This photo shows the marchers making their way down Fifth Avenue and through Washington Square Park.

A New York Times article reported that the participants were Jews “with many Christian sympathizers.”

Washingtonsquarenazimarch

“While the demonstration was in progress, the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of New York, at its one hundred and fiftieth convention at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, adopted a resolution expressing sympathy for the sufferers in Germany and calling upon Christians everywhere to voice disapproval of anti-Semitism,” the Times reported.

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4 Responses to “A march on Washington Square”

  1. paperbagmarlys Says:

    Thanks. I’ve never seen a photo of the 1933 anti-Nazi march. Amazing. 100k is a lot of people. IIRC, the march was to publicize a boycott of the Nazis.

    Also, despite what, say, Jonah Goldberg might have to say about it, the march was not just Jewish leaders. Most of NYs Democratic, Socialist, and labor leaders were there. Al Smith spoke, as did Robert Wagner, William Green, and William Cohen. I’m not sure _any_ Republicans were in attendance, AFAICT, there were no Republicans speaking at either end of the rally.

    • joe Says:

      ” AFAICT, there were no Republicans speaking at either end of the rally.”

      And afaict, there are LOTS OF DEMOCRATS siding with hamas and iran TODAY.

      • paperbagmarlys Says:

        Huh? The House recently voted 344-36 to condemning the (IMO, very reasonable) Goldstone Report and the last round of Iranian sanctions voting was 408-8 in the House and 99-0 in the Senate. I have no idea what that might have to do with Democratic support (and Republican non-support) of the 1933 anti-Nazi march but, dude, if by LOTS you mean a very, very few you are correct.

        The anti-fascist movements of the period were closely allied with Jewish groups, various lefties, and the Democratic party and the pro-Nazi groups, esp. the German-American Bund were closely allied with the Republican party. The NY Bund rally at MSG in 1939, for example, was much about supporting Republican candidates against Roosevelt as it was about supporting Nazis in the homeland. Several of the Bunds, notably the large Philadelphia Bund, were active from the local to the national level supporting Republican candidates and attracted significant interest/speakers/etc. from the Republican party. More than a few of the NY Bund leaders were GOP operatives and campaign managers.

        However, for a variety of reasons, the Bund was not quite as big of deal in NY as in some other cities with a higher percentage of German immigrants. (Around the Finger Lakes, for example, the Bund was more popular than in NY.) Their rallies in NY, while significant, never attracted more than, oh, 30k people. That’s mostly why I was surprised at the size of the anti-Nazi rally shown the photo. I did not realize that the anti-Nazi groups wildly outnumbered the Bund, even as early as 1933. I had assumed that the marches by both groups were about the same size. Although the details I can find of the 1933 march are sketchy, I suspect its size was in part due to the success of the The Brown Book of Nazi Terror, an account of the beginnings of Nazi insanity and a plea for international condemnation of Hitler, the Goldberg report of its day.

  2. Tom B Says:

    Great overhead picture of the fountain. Is it off center with the arch? Can this same photo location spot be taken today?

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