Born in England, she, her husband, and their 15 children arrived in the fledgling colony of Massachusetts in 1634.
Hutchinson was a Puritan, and in Massachusetts, she expected to be able to practice her religion freely.
Problem was, feisty, intellectual Anne interpreted the bible her own way. Accused of being a heretic, she was put on trial and then banished from the colony in 1637.
She lived in Rhode Island until her husband died, then in 1643 moved to New Netherlands colony—specifically, today’s eastern Bronx.
That’s where this defender of religious freedom met a terrible end. Local Indians, long mistreated by the Dutch, had been fighting back in a standoff called Keift’s War.
In 1645, a group of Indians murdered Anne and her entire family—except for her daughter Susannah, who legend has it wiggled into the crevice of Pelham Bay Park’s Split Rock and hid out there, saving her life.
Split Rock (above) still stands in the park today. And the Bronx’s Hutchinson River Parkway is presumably named after Anne.
[Top image: Edward Austin Abbey's 1901 depiction of Anne Hutchinson's Massachusetts trial]
Tags: Anne Hutchinson, Bronx in Colonial New York, Bronx women, Colonial New Amsterdam, Dutch in New Netherlands, Hutchinson River Parkway, Indian massacres, Indian wars New Netherlands, Keift's War, Lenape tribe war, Pelham Bay Park, Split Rock Anne Hutchinson