In the depression years of 1892 and 1893, he gave away food and coal to thousands, and he built homeless shelters.
He also turned his sights toward what was dubbed the “white peril,” the raw, bacteria-ridden milk city children routinely drank—milk Straus and many experts believed was linked to New York’s high childhood mortality rate (two of Straus’ own kids had died young).
“Straus was convinced that the discoveries of Louis Pasteur offered the best hope for a remedy to the milk problem,” states jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
So in 1893 he built his own pasteurization plant on East Third Street, then opened 18 milk stations in the city, “which sold his sterilized milk for only a few cents and made free milk available to those unable to afford even that.”
Milk stations popped up everywhere: City Hall Park, Mott Street, Cherry Street, Washington Street, East 66th Street, Lenox Avenue, and eventually Columbus Circle (above, circa 1930), run by William Randolph Hearst’s wife.
When Straus showed health officials that childhood mortality rates had been drastically cut in neighborhoods with milk stations, the city—and soon all cities—banned the sale of raw milk.
Central Park and Prospect Park had their own milk stations: the dairies.
Tags: City Hall Park milk, Columbus Circle milk, free milk city parks, Macy's Department Store, milk stations, Nathan Straus, New York in the 1890s, New York philanthropists, Panic of 1893 New York City, Swill Milk, Tenements New York City