A 1959 teenage gang murder rocks the city

It all seems quaint now, but violent teenage street gangs were a new phenomenon to 1950s New Yorkers.

Among the most notorious of the estimated 150 gangs were the Mau Maus, Bishops, Dragons, and Egyptian Kings.

They terrified residents, who felt threatened by the rumbles and sporadic killings that took place in tightly packed postwar neighborhoods.

But no gang-related murder got as much newspaper ink as that of the Capeman—aka Salvador Agron, a 16-year-old Puerto Rican kid who had joined an Upper West Side gang called the Vampires.

On August 29, 1959, Agron and his crew met at midnight at May Matthews playground on 45th Street off of Ninth Avenue.

They were looking to fight members of the Norsemen, a mostly white gang. Instead they came across some local teenagers.

Mistaking them for gang members, Agron, dressed in a black satin cape, stabbed two 16-year-olds each in the heart. They staggered to nearby doorways before dying (right).

Part of the media uproar had to do with Agron’s dismissive, cocky attitude toward the crime.

Anti–Puerto Rican sentiment among city residents didn’t help either.

In 1960, he got the electric chair, but then had his sentence commuted in 1962.

Released from prison in 1979 (after escaping two years earlier), he became a youth counselor and died in 1986 at age 42 from pneumonia.

Paul Simon turned Agron’s life story into a Broadway musical in 1998—but it closed to poor reviews a few months after opening.

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6 Responses to “A 1959 teenage gang murder rocks the city”

  1. mykola (mick) dementiuk Says:

    Was a failure for Paul Simon but not for West Side Story. The street scene of the 50s & 60s was out of Leonard Bernstein’s fantasy, “only in America,” Maria 😉

  2. wildnewyork Says:

    Good point. Interestingly, West Side Story was originally supposed to be East Side Story, about a Catholic guy and Jewish girl. But then the teen gang phenomenon hit, with Puerto Rican and white kids in warring factions on the Upper West Side.

  3. BabyDave Says:

    As an aquaintance of mine – who was a teenager growing up in Hell’s Kitchen at the time of the killings – said of the Broadway musical, “Two kids get stabbed to death in the playground and now they’re singing and dancing about it?”

  4. Dave Says:

    “Why not write a musical about the common cat? Or the king of Siam?”–Mr Burns

  5. Quora Says:

    What are examples of ethnic tension between Latinos and whites in the US in the past few decades?

    There was this: ​ which led to this: ​ In all seriousness though, WSS was based on reality. In the mid-late 1950s Manhattan was plagued with ethnic gang issues often pitting white European immigrants against Puerto Rican immigrants. Police were often c…

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