The firemen tomb in a former Village cemetery

James J. Walker Park at Hudson Street and St. Luke’s Place is named for the colorful, corrupt, showgirl-loving former mayor, who governed the city during the highs and lows of the Jazz Age and the start of the Great Depression.


But like most city parks, this landscaped stretch of playgrounds and ball fields had a more somber start—as a necropolis.

From 1799 to 1858, this acre of green served as an active burial ground called St. John’s Cemetery, part of Trinity Church.

Hudsonpark1895mcnyAn estimated 10,000 New Yorkers were interred there—mostly lower-class immigrants who lived in what had once been a posh residential enclave and slowly became a rougher-edged waterfront neighborhood by the middle of the 19th century.

When the city banned burials in this part of Manhattan, St. John’s slid into disrepair.

“The cemetery has for many years been in a dilapidated condition,” wrote The New York Times in an 1894 article about the new park to be built over the dead. Beer bottles and other trash littered the grounds.

“The monuments have toppled over, and many of the tombstones have fallen.”


“Many of the bodies will undoubtedly be removed, especially those contained in the underground vaults. Thousands of those buried in ordinary graves long ago mingled with the earth.”

Because relatives of those buried there were likely also deceased, “it is probably that thousands of the friendless dead will be allowed to rest in peace under the surface of this new park, as they do in the old Potter’s Fields, now known as Washington Square and Tompkins Square Parks, respectively.”

StjohnscemeteryplaqueToday, beneath kids playing T-ball and soccer, the “friendless dead” remain, with the occasional marker turning up during construction.

The only visible remnant of the the burial ground is a fascinating artifact: an 1834 sarcophagus dedicated to three young firemen from Engine Company 13 who were killed fighting a blaze on Pearl Street.

StjohnscemeteryhelmetsTheir tomb (today and in a 19th century photo at its original site, above) is marked by a granite coffin with stone helmets resting on top.

It’s near the bocce courts on the St. Luke’s Place side.

[Second photo, MCNY Collections Portal; third photo: NYPL Digital Gallery]

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10 Responses to “The firemen tomb in a former Village cemetery”

  1. Rich T Says:

    Strewn with beer cans in 1894?

  2. ephemeralnewyork Says:

    Bottles, of course! It’s in a New York Times article. I’ll change it.

  3. Mitzanna Says:

    There were 2 young men named below:

  4. voluntariopr Says:

    The NYT articles makes mention that a William E. Burton was buried there. actually it was a temporary stay and in July of 1860 he was later buried at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. Burton was a well known actor, theater manager, author, publisher and Shakespearian scholar. He immigrated from London to Philadelphia abandoning d his wife and young child — William Shakespeare Burton. He became a painter. When his father died his mother suddenly showed up in NYC to contest the will after decades separation. Since he was a naturalized American and she was a British citizen and there had been no contact between then for decades she was not awarded money but she later got it on appeal.

  5. Jackie Cangro Says:

    Great post. I walk by this park regularly and have wondered about this tomb.
    There is a high school and public library on the grounds, in addition to the park.

  6. velvethead Says:

    Poignant, how the helmets are slowly eroding away.

  7. The artists and writers of 1920s St. Luke’s Place | Ephemeral New York Says:

    […] in the early 1850s opposite a sprawling cemetery owned by Trinity Church, the 15 rowhouses span the north side of this slightly curved lane—which is actually Leroy […]

  8. A West Side statue for firemen—and their horses | Ephemeral New York Says:

    […] New York is a city of monuments and memorials—to veterans, victims of tragedies, heroic citizens, and countless individual residents. […]

  9. A child’s casket emerges in a Hudson Street park | Ephemeral New York Says:

    […] only marked grave in the entire park is an 1834 sarcophagus dedicated to three young firemen who perished in a blaze on Pearl […]

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