Two 19th century slums known as “Battle Row”

BattlerowheadlinebattleroweastnytOld New York’s slums had some illustrious names: Murderers’ Alley, Bandits’ Roost, and the Dead End (an Irish district off First Avenue overlooking the East River).

But one descriptive name was used for two poverty rows, one on the east side of Manhattan and one on the west: Battle Row.

Battlerow39thand10thavenyplThe east side Battle Row marked a stretch of First Avenue around 63rd Street. The Battle Row Gang ran this neighborhood of old-law tenements and belching riverfront factories.

Lawlessness ruled even without the gang’s influence. “The destructive pastimes of the Battle Row tenants were largely informal,” according to a 1924 New York Times piece. “They were most congenial as they rifled the wagon of an unfortunate peddler who ventured into their street.”

“In the decade between 1902 and 1912, the Row obtained its peak of pugnacity,” explained a 1926 New York Times article.

“An ever-popular diversion of the Row’s tenants was cop-sniping,” stated the Times. “Men, women, and children would peep from roofs and windows and drop rocks and decrepit vegetables upon passing policemen.”

Battlerow40thstreetjacobriisOne longtime cop recalled in the Times piece a holiday tradition in Battle Row:

“Groups of [residents] would go over to First or Second Avenue and toss a rock through the window of a butcher store and in a minute or two the nice collection of turkeys, ducks, and chickens would have disappeared.”

Meanwhile, the west side Battle Row, on West 39th Street between Tenth and Eleventh Avenues, was part of Hell’s Kitchen, then known as “probably the lowest and filthiest of the city.”

BattlerowwestsidenytheadlineThis slum of “gas-works, breweries, and rum shops,” which reportedly got its name due to all the street fights among the packed-like-sardines population, was the territory of the Gophers and other gangs.

These gangs of Irish immigrants raided the train yards at 30th Street, among other criminal enterprises. Battle Row seems to have also been the name of a saloon on that block operated by Mallet Murphy, one of the “Lady Gophers” and a notorious female criminal.

Battlerow61ststmodeltenementsmcnyBoth Battle Rows disappeared in the reform-minded city after the turn of the century.

The east side’s Battle Row became the site of model tenements, then a neighborhood of luxury apartment towers with river views.

The West Side Battle Row held out as a working-class neighborhood. It’s now on prized land made trendy by the revitalized Far West Side.

[Images: headline, NYT; tenement on West 39th Street, NYPL; Hell’s Kitchen tenement similar to what Battle Row would have looked like, Wikipedia; headine, NYT; model tenement that replaced Battle Row on First Avenue, MCNY Digital Collection]

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9 Responses to “Two 19th century slums known as “Battle Row””

  1. Tom B Says:

    Turn of the century gentrification lead to the disappearance of the Battle Rows. NYC was/is constantly changing. Maybe some day all the high end neighborhoods will be taken back by slums and gangs. It has happened before in many cities.

  2. Rich T Says:

    What is going on in that second picture? One guy is doing something at a long table while a couple of other guys look on. There’s a small round stove smoking. Behind the stove is a big dark…something.

  3. ephemeralnewyork Says:

    Nothing good, I imagine. The truck says “D.O. Farrell & Co,” I think.
    I should clarify that this photo is not Battle Row; it’s another Hell’s Kitchen block at the time known as Sebastopol. The photo gives an indication of what Battle Row looked like. It’s pre-1890, taken by Jacob Riis.

  4. Kaz Says:

    The truck says “D.O. Farrell & Co.” on the awning, and under that, on the cart, says “Furniture”. From there, all I can guess is they are creating, destroying, or delivering. It’s anyone’s guess!

  5. Wolf Says:

    thanks so much for this site. Might you know when electric lampposts first appeared in Central Park?

  6. The coral model tenement on an East Side corner | Ephemeral New York Says:

    […] spanned First to York Avenues between 64th and 65th Street, a once-gritty stretch of the city known as Battle Row (at left, about […]

  7. The coral model tenement on an East Side corner ⋆ New York city blog Says:

    […] spanned First to York Avenues between 64th and 65th Street, a once-gritty stretch of the city known as Battle Row (at left, about […]

  8. David H Lippman Says:

    Just think….all the rich people living there don’t know they’re sleeping on top of the site of buildings lived in by people they wouldn’t go near with a 10-meter cattle prod….

  9. The Grit And Grind Of Hell’s Kitchen – SawyerLosangeles Says:

    […] used the term to refer to the neighborhood in New York City. In 1881, an author described the 39th Street tenement on the corner of 9th Avenue and 10th Street as possibly the worst slum in the city. The area is now […]

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